Array signal processing is an important branch in the field of signal processing. In recent years, it has developed dramatically. It can be applied in such fields as radio detection and ranging, communication, sonar, earthquake, exploration, astronomy and biomedicine.
The field of direction of array signal processing can be classified into self-adaption array signal processing and spatial spectrum, in which spatial spectrum estimation theory and technology is still in the ascendant status, and become a main aspect in the course of array signal processing. Spatial spectrum estimation is focused on investigating the system of spatial multiple sensor arrays, with the main purpose of estimating the signal’s spatial parameters and the location of the signal source.
The spatial spectrum expresses signal distribution in the space from all directions to the receiver. Hence, if one can get the signal’s spatial spectrum, then the direction of arrival (DOA) can be obtained. As thus, spatial spectrum estimation is also called DOA estimation.
DOA technology research is important in array signal processing, which is an interdisciplinary technology that develops rapidly in recent years, especially the direction of arrival with multiple signal sources, the estimation of coherent signal sources, and the DOA estimation of broadband signals. DOA estimation has a wide application prospect in radar, sonar, communication, seismology measurement and biomedicine.
Over the past few years, all kinds of algorithms which can be used in DOA estimation have made great achievements, the most classic algorithm among which is Multiple Signal Classification (MUSIC). In this thesis I will give an overview of the DOA estimation based on MUSIC algorithm.
Source: Linnaeus University
Author: Tang, Honghao